The Best Tech Stack to Develop Web Apps in 2024

The Best Tech Stack to Develop Web Apps in 2024
The Best Tech Stack to Develop Web Apps in 2024

Discover the latest and most popular web application development technologies and receive recommendations on choosing the best tech stack for your company’s growth.

Choosing the right tech stack for web development is about more than just coding. It’s also about creating an environment that leads to success. The ultimate goal of a perfect tech stack is to provide users with an enjoyable and satisfying digital experience.

According to research from Stanford University, up to 40% of visitors will abandon a website if it takes longer than three seconds to load, and up to 75% of people rely on their opinion of a company’s credibility on the design of its website, according to BrowserStack.

Infovistar is a leading company in custom software development and testing. We are always at the forefront of integrating the latest and most efficient technology into our custom solutions. To assist you in selecting the best tech stack for your web applications from the most popular options in 2023-2024, we have created a comprehensive guide based on our extensive knowledge and market insights.

What Is a Technology Stack?

A technology stack, often referred to as a tech stack, is a combination of software tools and programming languages used to develop and run a web or mobile application. It is essentially a set of technologies that work together to support the development and deployment of a software solution.

A typical technology stack is divided into several layers, each serving a specific purpose in the software development process. The common layers in a technology stack include:

  1. Infrastructure/Hosting: This layer involves the physical or virtual infrastructure on which the application runs. It includes servers, data storage solutions, and networking components.
  2. Operating System: The operating system is the software that manages hardware and provides services for computer programs. Popular choices include Linux, Windows, and macOS.
  3. Web Server: The web server handles HTTP requests from clients (browsers) and serves web pages. Examples include Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft IIS.
  4. Database: This layer involves database management systems (DBMS) that store and manage data. Examples include MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and Microsoft SQL Server.
  5. Back-end Development: This is where the application logic and server-side scripting reside. Programming languages such as Python, Ruby, Java, PHP, and Node.js are commonly used for back-end development.
  6. Application Framework: Frameworks provide a structured way to build and organize code. Examples include Django (Python), Ruby on Rails (Ruby), Spring (Java), Laravel (PHP), and Express (Node.js).
  7. Front-end Development: This layer involves the user interface and client-side scripting. Technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are fundamental, and frameworks/libraries such as React, Angular, or Vue.js are commonly used.
  8. Client-Side Libraries and Frameworks: These tools enhance the capabilities of front-end development. Examples include jQuery, Bootstrap, and Tailwind CSS.
  9. Version Control: Version control systems like Git help manage and track changes in the source code.
  10. Development Tools: Tools like Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) and text editors facilitate the development process.
  11. Testing Tools: Testing frameworks and tools ensure the reliability and functionality of the software.
  12. Deployment/Containerization: Technologies like Docker and Kubernetes aid in packaging and deploying applications consistently across different environments.

Best Sofware Development Tech Stacks

The choice of a software development tech stack depends on various factors such as the project requirements, team expertise, scalability needs, and budget constraints. However, here are some popular and widely used tech stacks across different domains:

  1. MEAN Stack:
    • MongoDB (NoSQL database)
    • Express.js (Web application framework for Node.js)
    • Angular (Front-end framework)
    • Node.js (JavaScript runtime)
    • Example: LinkedIn, the networking behemoth, harnesses the MEAN stack for its unique capabilities.
  2. MERN Stack:
    • MongoDB (NoSQL database)
    • Express.js (Web application framework for Node.js)
    • React (Front-end library)
    • Node.js (JavaScript runtime)
    • Example: Airbnb, a titan in the travel industry, leans on the MERN stack for its web platform.
  3. LAMP Stack:
    • Linux (Operating system)
    • Apache (Web server)
    • MySQL (Relational database management system)
    • PHP (Server-side scripting language)
    • Example: WordPress, a notable name in the CMS landscape, operates on the LAMP stack.
  4. Django Stack:
    • Django (Web framework for Python)
    • Python (Programming language)
    • SQLite or PostgreSQL (Database)
    • Django REST framework (for building APIs)
  5. Ruby on Rails Stack:
    • Ruby (Programming language)
    • Ruby on Rails (Web application framework)
    • SQLite or PostgreSQL (Database)
  6. Java Spring Stack:
    • Java (Programming language)
    • Spring Boot (Java-based framework)
    • Hibernate (Object-relational mapping)
    • Thymeleaf or Angular (Front-end)
  7. Vue.js Stack:
    • Vue.js (Front-end framework)
    • Node.js (JavaScript runtime)
    • Express.js (Web application framework for Node.js)
    • MongoDB (NoSQL database)
  8. Python Flask Stack:
    • Python (Programming language)
    • Flask (Web framework)
    • SQLite or PostgreSQL (Database)
  9. Serverless Stack:
    • AWS Lambda, Azure Functions, or Google Cloud Functions (Serverless compute)
    • AWS API Gateway, Azure API Management, or Google Cloud Endpoints (API management)
    • AWS DynamoDB or Azure Cosmos DB (NoSQL database)
  10. Mobile App (Native):
    • Android: Kotlin or Java with Android Studio
    • iOS: Swift with Xcode
  11. Mobile App (Cross-platform):
    • React Native (JavaScript)
    • Flutter (Dart)
  12. Containerization and Orchestration:
    • Docker (Containerization)
    • Kubernetes (Container orchestration)

Top 10 tips on choosing the Tech Stack

Choosing the right tech stack is a crucial decision for any development project. It can impact the project’s performance, scalability, and maintainability. Here are ten tips to help you make informed decisions when selecting your tech stack:

  1. Define Project Requirements: Clearly outline your project requirements, including functionality, scalability, and performance expectations. This will help you identify the specific technologies and frameworks that best meet your needs.
  2. Consider Scalability: Choose technologies that can scale with your project’s growth. Consider both horizontal and vertical scalability, and ensure that the chosen tech stack can handle increasing user loads and data volume.
  3. Evaluate Developer Skill Set: Assess the expertise of your development team. Choosing technologies familiar to your team can boost productivity and reduce the learning curve. However, be open to adopting new technologies if they significantly align with your project goals.
  4. Community and Support: Opt for technologies with active and supportive communities. A strong community ensures access to resources, documentation, and community-driven solutions to common issues. It also indicates that the technology is likely to stay relevant and receive updates.
  5. Security Considerations: Prioritize security in your tech stack. Choose frameworks and tools with a good security track record, and stay updated on security best practices. Regularly update libraries and dependencies to patch vulnerabilities.
  6. Cost Analysis: Consider the total cost of ownership, including licensing fees, hosting costs, and maintenance expenses. Open-source technologies might have lower upfront costs, but make sure to account for ongoing support and maintenance.
  7. Compatibility and Integration: Ensure that the components of your tech stack can seamlessly integrate. Check for compatibility with third-party services and APIs. This is essential for a smooth development process and future scalability.
  8. Evaluate Performance: Assess the performance characteristics of each technology. Consider factors such as response time, throughput, and resource utilization. Tools like load testing can help you understand how your tech stack performs under different conditions.
  9. Long-Term Viability: Choose technologies that have a proven track record of long-term viability. Avoid adopting tools that might become obsolete or lack ongoing support. Consider the popularity and adoption rate within the developer community.
  10. Flexibility for Future Changes: Select a tech stack that allows flexibility for future changes or upgrades. Technologies that support modular and interchangeable components make it easier to adapt to evolving project requirements.

Choosing the most appropriate technology stack will be crucial for developing web applications on a dynamic basis by 2024. A solid foundation for developing, performing, and maintaining Web applications consists of the combination of React.js, Node.js, TypeScript, MongoDB, Docker, and a wide range of cutting-edge technologies. In 2024, take advantage of a changing landscape and stay up to date with emerging technologies so that you can create your digital masterpiece using the most cutting-edge technology for web app development.