Course Content
What is Python?
Introduction of Python and Its setup
Control Statement
Control statements are used to control the flow of execution depending upon the specified condition/logic.
File Handling
File handling is an important component of any application. Python has multiple functions for creating, reading, updating, and deleting files.
Following are the examples of python scripts to try hands-on, you are ready to start your python journey.
About Lesson

A variable in Python is a name that is used to refer to memory location. It is a way to store data that can be used and manipulated throughout your program.

Note: Python supports unlimited variable length, we keep the maximum length to 79 characters.


Declaring Variables

In Python, you don’t need to explicitly declare the type of a variable. You just assign a value to it, and Python automatically knows what type it is.


# Assigning an integer to a variable
age = 25
print(age) # Output: 25

# Assigning a floating point number to a variable
height = 5.9
print(height) # Output: 5.9

# Assigning a string to a variable
name = "Alice"
print(name) # Output: Alice

# Assigning a boolean to a variable
is_student = True
print(is_student) # Output: True


Variable Naming Rules

  1. Variable names must start with a letter (a-z, A-Z) or an underscore (_).
  2. The rest of the name can contain letters, numbers, or underscores.
  3. Variable names are case-sensitive (age and Age are different).


Example of Valid and Invalid Variable Names:

# Valid variable names
my_var = 10
_var = 20
var123 = 30

# Invalid variable names
123var = 40 # Starts with a number
my-var = 50 # Contains a hyphen
my var = 60 # Contains a space


Changing the Value of a Variable

You can change the value of a variable at any time in your program.

number = 10
print(number) # Output: 10

number = 20
print(number) # Output: 20


Multiple Assignments:

You can assign values to multiple variables in a single line.

a = b = c = 1 #single value to multiple variables
a,b = 1, 2 #multiple value to multiple variable
a,b = b,a #value of a and b is swapped


Using Variables in Expressions

You can use variables in expressions just like you use literal values.

x = 10
y = 5

# Adding variables
result = x + y
print(result) # Output: 15

# Subtracting variables
result = x - y
print(result) # Output: 5

# Multiplying variables
result = x * y
print(result) # Output: 50

# Dividing variables
result = x / y
print(result) # Output: 2.0


Variable Scope and Lifetime:

  1. Local Variable
    def func():
    print(x) #error will be shown
  2. Global Variable
    x = 8
    def fun():
       print(x) #Calling variable 'x' inside func()
    print(x) #Calling variable 'x' outside func()


Variables are fundamental in programming, allowing you to store and manipulate data dynamically. In Python, declaring and using variables is straightforward due to its dynamic typing. Remember to follow the variable naming rules and use them appropriately within your code to keep it clean and readable.